Between and over a third of his satraps were superseded and six were put to death, including the Persian satraps of PersisSusiana, Carmania, and Paraetacene; three generals in Mediaincluding Cleanderthe brother of Coenus who had died a little earlierwere accused of extortion and summoned to Carmania, where they were arrested, tried, and executed.
He also swore that, like Achilles. The Macedonians were allowed to file past their leader for the last time before he finally succumbed to the illness on June 7, BC in the Macedonian month of Daesius. He next demanded that Europeans, just like the Asians, follow the Oriental etiquette of prostrating themselves before the king - which he knew was regarded as an act of worship by the Greeks.
The rise of Macedonits conquest and political consolidation of most of Classical Greece during the reign of Philip II was achieved in part by his reformation of the Ancient Macedonian armyestablishing the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the battlefield.
At length, at the Amanis, he was rejoined by Nearchus and the fleet, which also had suffered losses.
It was the first time he had taken part in a battle, and his conduct was so brilliant that he was sent to Macedonia as regent. With an army consisting of about forty thousand men and the firm intention of liberating the Greek cities subdued by the Persians, Alexander crossed the Hellespont in the spring of BC, starting his march against the Persian Empire and leaving his kingdom in the hands of Antipater.
He had matured a great plan to avoid the maneuvers of the enemy. For he alone disdains to learn it. That year he gave many congratulations to the ambitious Macedonian community: As soon as he restored Macedonian rule in northern Greece, he marched into southern Greece. I could very soon prove both.
But their initial victory did not last for long as Antipater returned with a large army, defeated the rebels, and regained Greece. In his youth, Philip was held as a hostage in Illyria under Bardylis and then was held in Thebes c.
Here Alexander ordered that a city be designed and founded in his name at the mouth of river Nile, as trading and military Macedonian outpost, the first of many to come.
It is here that Alexander fell in love with and married the beautiful Sogdian princess Roxane. His force consisted of about 48, foot soldiers and 6, cavalry, a huge army for the day, accompanied by engineers, surveyors, scientists, and even historians to record his successes for posterity.
And when he learned that the Greeks were defeated, he proclaimed the end of the "Hellenic Crusade" and discharged all-Greek forces in his army. But the Macedonians were unhappy with Alexander's Orientalization for they were proud of their Macedonian customs, culture, and language.
He adopted the Persian dress for ceremonies, gave orders for Persians to be enlisted in the army, and encouraged the Macedonians to marry Persian women. Alexander now planned to recall Antipater and supersede him by Craterusbut he was to die before this could be done. The land from which Aristotle had transmitted his pride and passion.
Some modern writers have erroneously concluded that the Macedonians spoke Greek based on few Greek inscriptions discovered in Macedonia, but that is by no means a proof that the Macedonian was not a distinct language. The latter, however, did nothing to help the city, its expeditions held back by a revolt in Euboea probably paid for by Philip's gold.
After Philip's assassination in BC, Alexander succeeded his father to the throne and inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. Porus was captured and like the other local rulers he had defeated, Alexander allowed him to continue to govern his territory.
Philip's military skills and expansionist vision of Macedonian greatness brought him early success. In BC, with the Persian venture in its earliest stages, Philip was assassinated, and was succeeded as king by his son Alexander III, the soon-to-be conqueror of Persia.
When, at the age of twelve, the king, who had hitherto escaped from his side because of his constant military campaigns, decided to devote himself to his education, he marveled at the presence of an intelligent and courageous child, full of discretion, Interested in what happened around him.
They were not aware that the Athenians and the Peloponnesians, stunned by the speed of the Macedonian king, quickly reconsidered their options and were now awaiting the outcome of the battle before they make their next move.Alexander was born on the 6th day of the ancient Greek month of Hekatombaion, which probably corresponds to 20 July BC, although the exact date is not known, in Pella, the capital of the Ancient Greek Kingdom of cheri197.comed by: Philip II.
Apr 22, · Alexander the Great Biography: Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a.
Alexander the Great ( BCE) of Macedon first follwed in his father’s (King Phillip II) footsteps in subduing the city-states of Greece and then lead his army on a series of campaigns which successfully conquered the then-known world from Macedon, through Greece, down to Egypt, across Persia, to India.
Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born bce —diedAegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (– bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son Alexander III the Great.
Philip II of Macedon was a king who ruled the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from to B.C. He is often remembered as father of Alexander the Great who became his successor after his assassination in B.C. Philip II was a proficient king as well as an excellent military cheri197.com Of Birth: Pella, Greece.
Watch video · Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus.Download