At the end of World War I, however, Japan entered a severe economic depression. Social and Economic Changes The abolition of feudalism made possible tremendous social and political changes. To implement the Charter Oath, a rather short-lived constitution with eleven articles was drawn up in June Though often described as statesmen, they remained in significant respects revolutionary leaders, defining a radically new political course that resulted in the creation of a modern nation-state.
The government built railroads, improved roads, and inaugurated a land reform program to prepare the country for further development. From the beginning, the Tokugawa regime focused on reestablishing order in social, political and international affairs after a century of warfare.
The Supreme War Council developed a German-style general staff system with a chief of staff who had direct access to the Emperor and who could operate independently of the army minister and civilian officials.
After the first twenty years of the Meiji period, the industrial economy expanded rapidly until about with inputs of advanced Western technology and large private investments.
This gave the government money to spend to build up the strength of the nation. Consequently, the title of Emperor must be substituted for that of Taikunin which the treaties have been made.
Three years later, the Conference of Prefectural Governors established elected prefectural assemblies. Later, inthe samurai were given the option to convert their stipends into government bonds. When finally granted by the Emperor as a sign of his sharing his authority and giving rights and liberties to his subjects, the Constitution of the Empire of Japan or Meiji Constitution provided for the Imperial Diet Teikoku Gikaicomposed of a popularly elected House of Representatives with a very limited franchise of male citizens who were over twenty-five years of age and paid fifteen yen in national taxes, about one percent of the population, and the House of Peerscomposed of nobility and imperial appointees; and a cabinet responsible to the Emperor and independent of the legislature.
Work conditions in the early factories were very bad, but developing socialist and liberal movements were soon suppressed by the ruling clique.
What role did the central government play in growing industry? After Japan's victory over China, Japan signed a treaty with China which gave Japan special rights on China's Liaotung peninsula, in addition to the control of Taiwan.
The unequal treaties that had granted foreign powers judicial and economic privileges through extraterritoriality were revised inand with the Anglo-Japanese Alliance of and its victory in two wars over China in —95 and Russia in —05Japan gained respect in the eyes of the Western world, appearing for the first time on the international scene as a major world power.
Although the economy still depended on agriculture, industrialization was the primary goal of the government, which directed the development of strategic industries, transportation, and communications.
The Reign of the Meiji Emperor When the Meiji emperor was restored as head of Japan inthe nation was a militarily weak country, was primarily agricultural, and had little technological development. Power and Pageantry in Modern Japan. The oligarchs also endeavored to abolish the four divisions of society.
Private ownership was legalized, deeds were issued, and lands were assessed at fair market value with taxes paid in cash rather than in kind as in pre-Meiji days and at slightly lower rates. One answer is found in the Meiji Restoration itself.
Increasingly they lived in cities where they came into contact with influences from abroad and where the traditional authority of the extended family was less influential. Formerly old court noblesand lower-ranking but more radical samurai, replaced bakufu appointees and daimyo as a new ruling class appeared.
At first, their only strength was that the emperor accepted their advice and several powerful feudal domains provided military support. Japan was highly successful in organizing an industrial, capitalist state on Western models.About the Meiji period of Japan's history ().
The Meiji period that followed the Restoration was an era of major political, economic, and social change in Japan. The reforms enacted during the Meiji emperor’s rule brought about the modernization and Westernization of the country and paved the way for Japan to become a major international power.
The Meiji period (明治時代, Meiji-jidai), or Meiji era, was a Japanese era which extended from October 23,to July 30, This period represents the first half of the Empire of Japan, during which Japanese society moved from being an isolated feudal society to a Westernised form.
The Meiji Restoration played a significant role in the modernisation of Japan. The Meiji period was a time of political and social revolution. Some of the major changes that happened to the political system during the Meiji period was the introduction of the Imperial Charter Oath and the Meiji Constitution.
The Imperial Charter Oath of April was a document that officially declared the breakaway from the old feudal system. The Meiji Restoration (明治維新, Meiji Ishin), also known as the Meiji Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in .Download